Mark Stoelinga – Port of Rotterdam

Rotterdam aims to be the leading port for sustainable energy. An important part of Rotterdam as Europe’s Hydrogen Hub is the import of hydrogen. A lot of hydrogen is needed to replace natural gas, oil and coal.

It is estimated that the amount of green hydrogen coming in through Rotterdam in 2050 could rise to 18 million tons. Hydrogen has to be cooled down considerably to make it liquid. An alternative is to ‘pack’ (and unpack) hydrogen into another molecule, such as ammonia (NH3), methanol or a Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC). In order to facilitate imports, various parties are now also looking at the development of import terminals. What are the expectations for Rotterdam?

Hydrogen and hydrogen carriers all have their specific advantages and disadvantages in terms of cost, technology, land use, environment and risks. How does Ammonia perform compared to its competitors?