Nitrogenous fertilizer industry is a large energy consumer, Ammonia production is the most energy intensive step, accounting for 80-90% of the energy used in the fertilizer industry.
Today’s crisis is climate change and energy transition, there are different pathways for decarbonizing ammonia industry, the first step is Implementing a lot of energy efficiency improvement objectives and highly efficient equipment for the existing ammonia plants to save more energy, and reduce carbon emissions, the second is low carbon ammonia like electrolysis-derived hydrogen (Green Ammonia) and the use of Carbon Capture and Storage (Blue ammonia), Ammonia is considered the most cost-effective energy carrier, to overcome storage and distribution challenges of hydrogen.
Improving energy efficiency is an important way to reduce carbon emissions, look strategically at how energy is currently used in plants, systems, and production processes. Focus on the areas where you can generate the greatest savings, and continuously benchmark the company’s energy performance to continually improve this performance to maintain optimum energy procurement and ensure that it is sustained.
Addressing emissions from ammonia production is therefore a key component of the decarbonization of the fertilizers and agricultural sectors, furthermore ammonia plays vital role in not only food security but also in energy security and energy transition in the future.